PCTRAN Component Models
PCTRAN is a simulation program that incorporates knowledge
of reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, control system, etc.
into solution techniques with the assistance of modern computer graphics
that enable interactive operation on a PC. The source code is in FORTRAN.
It is a product of twelve years of development that has included extensive verification
conducted against Final Safety Analysis Reports and
validated with respect to real plant data and other computer
analyses such as RETRAN, RELAP5, TRAC, MAAP, SAFE, etc.. These verification analyses have been documented by over a dozen published papers in professional
journals. Reprints are available upon request.
PCTRAN is under a continuous upgrading and enhancement program
so that new features will be incorporated into the package periodically.
Currently it has the following component models:
- Thermal Hydraulics Model
- Lumped-loop approach with two-phase critical flow discharge,
non-equilibrium pressurizer for PWR and drift flux model for
- Core Kinetics Model
- Point kinetics model with rod control and reactivity feedback
from moderator temperature, Doppler, and voids
- Control System
- PWR's rod, pressurizer pressure and level, steam generator
feedwater, turbine header pressure, and steam dump control modelled to operate either in "AUTO" or "MANUAL"
mode following the unit load demand; BWR's rod, recirculation
flow, and feedwater system are controlled to reach the same goal
- Containment Model
- Containment's structure, cooler, spray, vent, etc. modelled
to keep track of post-LOCA conditions
- Severe Accident Model
- For an exposed core, the fuel clad may be overheated, and
fission products may be released into the reactor coolant and
containment. They may be further released into the ambient atmosphere
depending upon the open pathways. Radioactive isotope types and
their release pattern are generated as source terms for an off-site
dose estimate. For clad temperature beyond 1000âC, metal-water
reactions will generate hydrogen. The containment hydrogen concentration
will be calculated, and its combustibility will be checked throughout
Upon a client's specific order for the most extensive severe
accident simulator, MST can prepare one that includes simulation
of the plant's radiation monitoring system (RMS). This could
be used as a tool for the plant's Severe Accident Management
program. Normal and accident readings for all area, effluent,
and process monitors throughout the plant will be calculated,
and source terms for off-site release will be projected. These
results could be used as input to the plant's dose dispersion model for
off-site dose distribution estimate. The system could then be an
integral part of the plant's emergency response plan.